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Spices Business, Requirements, Challenges Faced, How to Start? Cost & Profit Margin

Spices Business, Requirements, Challenges Faced, How to Start? Cost & Profit Margin

Spices Business: India produces almost all known spices. And the country is the largest exporter of this commodity. As spice is a mass-consumed commodity, mostly used in culinary products or seasoning of food products, its domestic demand is increasing rapidly. With changing lifestyles and especially food habits and increasing income levels, the use of powdered spices has increased. Also, various certifications or licenses are required to start a spice business in India.

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Costs Involved in Starting a Spice Business?

The Indian spices market is estimated to reach around US$ 18 billion by 2021, with growth in the sector expected to be driven by branded spices and spice blends. India is the largest spice-producing country producing 50 different types of spices, people are looking for ready meals, and spice powders make their cooking more accessible. So the use of spice powders is increasing continuously and in the future.

Powdered spices are convenient to use, and it saves time and physical effort to prepare a variety of delicious dishes. Every commercial food industry like hotels, restaurants, catering businesses, and many more are using powdered spices on daily basis.

Masala Powder makes it an easy and profitable business to start, and anyone can start this business with a small-scale investment.

  • Original Investment: 50000 INR to 100000 INR
  • Required Area: 250 Sq. Yards
  • Profit percentage: 50% to 70%
  • Earning: Average sale 100 kg/day, 50000 to 150000 per month

Other additional expenses would include equipment maintenance, employee salaries, and marketing costs.

Masala Business Profit Margin

If you are new to the spice industry, you must be more familiar with the concept of profit margin. The amount of money a business makes after covering its costs (such as rent, staff salaries, and other costs) and collecting income from sales is known as its profit margin. Knowing your gross income (the total amount you collect during any given month) and your operating expenses are essential to calculating your personal profit margin (the amount spent on things like salaries or marketing). Once these numbers are established, calculate your net profit by dividing gross revenue by operating costs. You can then use this number as a percentage to see where the potential growth in income for your spice business comes from. For example, an increase in revenue would result in an increase of $1500 per month ($15000 x 100 = $1500) if the net profit was 15%.

Remember that every situation will be different, even though this information will help you plan for the future financial objectives of your spice business venture. So always be careful when drawing conclusions from broad trends!

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Licensing Requirements

Since masala powder is part of the food category, it has to fulfill a lot of state government regulations, such as,

  • Firms should be registered on the basis of the scale of business if its Pvt. Ltd. or Partnership Person Company, the firm is registered accordingly.
  • GST registration is also required to obtain a GST number, which is essential.
  • If it is an SME, the companies can register themselves and get facilities and subsidies from the state government.
  • Get a trade license, FSSAI, and apply for a trademark, BIS certification, and IEC. It is advisable to obtain AGMARK certification.
Spice Business

Need Space

When it comes to starting a business with spices, there is no need for a large area, around 250 square yards can be used for processing pieces and 250 square yards are required for packaging spices. Check the commercial location where basic amenities are available like water, electricity, etc.

There are state government restrictions to starting a food business from home so make sure that the location is following the government law. Make sure the location is transport friendly and the target market is easily accessible.

Raw Material Requirement

The essential ingredients required in spice powders are unground spices, and along with the raw materials you will need packaging materials that will act as protection for the spice powder.

Machinery Usage

Grinding Machine is essential machinery in the spice business depending on the scale of the industries in which the equipment is used. Large-scale industries use impact pulverizer machines while small-scale industries use double-stage pulverizers. Another machinery like a spice grinder, weighing scale, packaging machine, compressor, and roaster is also required.

Seasoning process

It is a very preliminary process of spice making in which raw spices are cleaned manually by removing impurities like stones, dust, and dirt.


After the process of cleaning and washing display them in the sun so that they get dried, the quality of the spice powder will depend on the well-dried spice. If proper cleaning and washing are not done, it will lead to the growth of bacteria, which will make the food poisonous.


Once the spices are dried, they are going through the process of roasting, roasting the spices is essential as it will help in giving aroma, color, and good taste to the spice powder.

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Grinding machines are used to convert spices into powder form.


Grading is a process that is based on the mixing ratio of spices and their raw materials, it also depends on the type (taste), shape, size, density, and color of the spices.

Spice Business


Make sure the masala powder has a uniform mesh size

Spice packaging

Spices and condiments add enormous amounts of flavor to your favorite dishes, but in order to work their magic, they need to be fresh; Hence proper packaging is essential.

Protect and preserve your spices and seasonings with Stand Up Pouches with Zip Lock this type of packaging bag will give you the flexibility to choose the size, style, and features that best suit your spices. Choose from options like gas release valves, tear notches, heavy-duty zipper tops, hang holes, and pour spouts, plus a variety of styles that give you plenty of room to bring your brand to life.

Once the masala is converted into powder form, the masala powder is weighed according to the quantity to be packed. After this, the spices are wrapped in a polythene bag and sealed with the help of a sealing machine.

Spice packaging will keep your spices safe from problems like moisture, puncture, bad smell, etc. Therefore you are guaranteeing that your spices and condiments make it safely from the warehouse to the taste buds of your customers.

Challenges faced by spice manufacturing companies in India:

Working Labor Issue

The pungent odor of spices which gives a pungent sensation if exposed for extended periods is not fit for health. So there is always an important issue of finding labor to work in the Indian spice industry.

Market Credit

The credit market risk with distributors or intermediaries in the spices industry is always high and hence poses a significant challenge.

Packaging Leak

There are many small-scale industries in India where still handmade packaging is done due to budget constraints, resulting in leakage in packaging. If they plan to opt for hi-tech type machinery, the cost goes up; So it has always been a matter of concern.

Expansion is difficult due to high-tech machinery

Everyday innovation is introduced, and to stay updated and in trend, companies have to adapt to each and every change. For SMEs, it is challenging to expand themselves due to the introduction of new technology and this acts as a challenge for brands.

Lots of Competition

The spice industry faces intense competition as the concentration of suppliers is high. Its competition is often at the regional level. There are also many small local companies that often operate in a specific location, and as the demand for authentic organic spices has increased, so has the demand for maintaining product quality.

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Spice Branding

Branding helps develop a memorable impression on consumers and allows customers to know what to expect from your brand. It’s a way to differentiate yourself from competitors and clarify what it is you offer that makes you the better choice.

Spice Business

FAQs on Spice Business

Is the spice business profitable?
As we know that India is a major producer and exporter of spices. Also, it is recognized as a profitable business in India. Any person can start small, medium, and large-scale spice businesses according to their investment capacity.

What is the benefit of spices?
The spice industry is divided into the following three types with different profit margins: Manufacturing – 60% – 70% profit margin. Wholesale – 40% – 50% profit margin. Retail sales – 20% – 30% profit margin.

Are Spices a Good Business?
Are Spice Shops Profitable? Spices generate billions of dollars every year around the world. You can start selling fresh or processed spices at farmers’ markets or local specialty stores. A $2 profit margin is reasonable to expect once you’ve established a stable side business.

Which spices sell the most?
Black pepper is the largest-selling spice in the world. It is one of the oldest known spices and has been used by man for over 5,000 years. Many cultures have their own uses for black pepper, but it is especially popular in Indian and Southeast Asian cuisines.

How can I start my own spice business?

License and registration required to start a spice business in India

  • Registration with the Registrar of Firms {ROF}. ,
  • It is necessary to obtain a trade license from your local municipal authority.
  • Obtaining Udyog Aadhaar, and MSME Registration is optional. ,
  • Food Business License / FSSAI License.

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